We rarely think of vengeance being in the heart of Jesus, but He said the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son (John 5:22). 2. 5. (22) Woe unto them that are mighty to drink. To such men it seemed a light matter to acquit the guilty and condemn the guiltless. Pινειν και βινειν μονον, (e) as the comedian hath it: To drink and do worse only. Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine And valiant men in mixing strong drink, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, and men of strength, to mingle strong drink. All sorts of deceits are the consequence. (d) This, if Alexander the Great and Tiberius the Emperor - those great drinkers and encouragers of others to that vice - had well remembered, they would not have been so infamous as they are and will be to all posterity. Isaiah 28. for priest as for people, for the master as for his servant, for the mistress as for her servant, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor. “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.” They were heroes and valiant men only in and for their cups. Observe, this is the great peril of moderate drinking. Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, [so] their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of … I. God trieth men's love to Him, by their keeping His commandments. And take away justice from the righteous man! Chrestotes, according to The Complete Word Study Dictionary by Spiros Zodhiates, p. 1482, means . Reason beclouded; reflection, perception, all marred. This is the final stage downwards. So they put light for darkness. 3 The earth will be completely laid waste. (NASB: Lockman)English Translation of the Greek (): For her captives shall be saved with judgement, and with mercy.. Amplified: Zion shall be redeemed with justice, and her [returned] converts with righteousness (uprightness and right standing with God). Drunkards also are a sottish kind of creatures, and had therefore more than need to be double dealt with; like as physicians use to give double quantities to such as have palsies or epilepsies, so to awaken their dull, drowsy senses. To mingle - To mix wine with spices, dates, drugs, etc., to make it more intoxicating; Proverbs 9:2, Proverbs 9:5. tongue of fire What a sentence of condemnation dost thou pass upon thyself!â, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary. Or, To pour in. When Bonosus the drunken Roman had hanged himself, it went for a by-word Amphoram pendere non hominem, (c) that a tun or tankard hung there, and not a man. Surely he that loveth Him not above ale, loveth Him not above all! The prophet inveigheth against this vice a second time, because it was grown so common. There is the woe of physical consequences. Surely he that loveth Him not above ale, loveth Him not above all! How base a price dost thou set upon thy Saviour and salvation, that will not forbear so much as a cup of drink for them? Thy choice showeth what thou lovest best, more certainly than thy tongue doth. And so they call, (2) good evil; despise the really good and safe; pour contempt on water and safe fluids, and treat them as evil or worthless. It creates the appetite, it increases the appetite; last of all, it gives the appetite the control, and the man or woman becomes the slave and then the victim. . It emphasizes the majesty and power of God, because the idea behind LORD of hosts is that God is "Commander in Chief" of heaven's armies. An untimely death. Men of strength - The Chaldee understands this of “rich” men; but, probably, the reference is to those who boasted that they were able to bear “much” strong drink. Q. In the text, notorious drinkers, bold, impudent wager-layers, boasters, &c., and those who have got the victory over the usual drinks, and now make them stronger to meet the cravings of appetite and to keep up the excitement. ", Peake described these characters as "Drunkards, heroes, not for the fray, but for the debauch, having the hard head of the hard drinker. Lond. (See chapter 39). This is not the only evil; temperance not the only good. Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine.] 1808. The drunkard's woe. How base a price dost thou set upon thy Saviour and salvation, that will not forbear so much as a cup of drink for them? To mingle - To mix wine with spices, dates, drugs, etc., to make it more intoxicating; Proverbs 9:2, Proverbs 9:5. 23 I will drive him like a peg into a firm place; he will become a seat of honor for the house of his father. strong drink. # fire: Heb. Is that loving God as God, when thou lovest a cup of drink better? (2) They who drink say their drinks lighten the heart, give social joyousness. The understanding is depraved and darkened. . The Drunkard's excuses, by which he endeavours to defend or palliate his crime. Isaiah 24. He had already denounced the intemperate in Isaiah 5:11. 22. Such men keep by no rule of life, and do not know why God gives them nourishment; for we eat and drink to support the body, and not to destroy it. Isaiah 66:24 - And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. . Regard for men and reverence for God are destroyed. Isaiah 5:20 “Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.” Explanation and Commentary of Isaiah 5:20. July 12, 2020 Hope Lutheran Church Pastor Mary Erickson Matthew 13:1-9, 18-23; Isaiah 55:10-13 The Sower’s Hope Friends, may grace and peace be yours in abundance in … But they will not let good people be judged fairly. 4. and 5. ultra) --- Cyrus the younger boasted to the Greek ambassadors, that "he could drink and bear more wine than his brother." Isaiah now censures another vice, namely, drunkenness and excess in eating, of which he had spoken before; so that probably this chapter is collected from various sermons, and the leading topics only are briefly touched; for when the Prophet saw no repentance, he was forced to repeat and frequently inculcate the same instructions. Employing a figure of speech (synecdoche) which is frequent in the Prophets, and indeed in the whole of Scripture, he takes a part for the whole; as if he had said, âWo to gluttony; Wo to intemperance.â But he purposely mentioned that which was disgraceful in the highest degree, in order to render that vice generally hated and abhorred; for, as we have said, nothing is more base or disgraceful than for a man to make trial of his strength in swallowing food or in guzzling wine, and thus struggling with himself so as to cram down as much as his belly can hold. How false! Isaiah 27. Iterate taxat hoc vitium, eo quod invaluerat. Drunkenness travels with a whole train of other vices, and requires the whole width of the broad way to give it room. There isâ. Isaiah 24:9 especially on a vice which notoriously impairs the memory and the sense of obligation, leads to the betrayal of secrets, and stirs up strife and contention? Mighty - Perhaps those who prided themselves on their ability to drink "much" without becoming intoxicated; who had been so accustomed to it, that they defied its effects, and boasted of their power to resist its usual influence. This context, like I Pet. 140-148. When Wine is used to Symbolize Doctrine it is “Old Wine” or fermented grape juice, that is False Doctrine and “New Wine” or Unfermented grape juice, that is True Doctrine. Men of strength - The Chaldee understands this of "rich" men; but, probably, the reference is to those who boasted that they were able to bear "much" strong drink. In the New Testament, the word for wine is “oinos” G3631, and can mean either fermented, or unfermented grape juice. parallels between isaiah 2:5-22 and the neo-assyrian campaigns The characterization of God's actions in this passage contains five elements not found in other "day of the Lord" passages. (c) Who are never weary, but show their strength, and brag in gluttony and drunkenness. The smallness of the thing showeth the smallness of thy love to God, and the smallness of thy regard to His Word and to thy soul. Observe also Isa 5:11-12. pp. Isaiah 5:22 King James Version (KJV). gibbor. By calling them strong or powerful to drink, he wittily accuses them of wasting their strength in bacchanalian warfare. This sentence is short but it is vibrant with significance. Chrestotes in Greek and hesed in Hebrew are most frequently translated into the English word "kindness." Is that loving God as God, when thou lovest a cup of drink better? The light is artificial, momentary, falseâno better than the effects of certain gases or deadly stimulants, as opium, Indian hemp, &c. But they refer to men, to Burns, Pitt, Sheridan, and other drinking wits. He has finally become the ultimate fool. A similar idea is expressed in Isaiah 56:12. But the drunkard's care must arise either from his ill state of health, the unfortunate posture of his worldly affairs, or the stings of his guilty conscience; and, in either case, his temporary oblivion is purchased at the cost of an aggravation of the evils which cause him to desire it. Hebrew. . 24 Therefore, as the tongue of fire licks up stubble, as dry grass shrivels in the flame, Their root shall rot. What are the consequences of rejecting God's Word? God's woe, His displeasure, His threatening, His curse; this is written in both volumes of the Scripturesâin frightful representation, in declared eternal condemnation. 384-392. The calm, equable sobriety of soul they called dulness, darkness. It was the aggravation of the first sin, that they would not deny so small a thing as the forbidden fruit, in obedience to God! And men of strength.] We live that we may yield worship and obedience to God, and that we may render assistance to our neighbors. In the last verses there is reference to confirmed drunkards, daily, early, and late; the sensual debaucheesâtheir ignorance, want of thought and reflection. . The prophet dwells on the familiar truth, Judex damnatur cum nocens absolvitur. pp. It is the dish that a man greedily eateth of that he loveth, and not that which he commendeth but will not meddle with. iv. To all we say, "One thing is needful;" "Except ye be converted," &c.âJabez Burns, D.D., L.L.D., Sketches of Temperance Sermons. (see Isaiah … Galatians 5:22. Isaiah 26. The smallness of the thing showeth the smallness of thy love to God, and the smallness of thy regard to His Word and to thy soul. And he thinks that he knows exactly what to do. The drunkard may make his company merry, but they laugh at, not with, him, and merely because they are delighted with the sight of one even sillier than themselves. 4. There is theâ, 3. (1) Brighten the intellect. God's anger burns against these folks and captivity is next to come to them. Isaiah 32. Gifts, talents, &c., all poisoned; influence deadly; the man a curseâa curse to all. d. And the year of My redeemed has come : In this, Isaiah prophetically explains why the Messiah can say, “ vengeance is in My heart .” What Does Numbers 24:17 Mean? Hebrew, "mix shecar." 51:13 This may be a veiled allusion to the idolatry of God's people in worshiping Ba'al as creator, giver of life and fertility instead of … Let us avoid exaggerated conclusions. Isaiah 35. But to do what? But can friendship be founded on vice? * 5 This is what the true God, Jehovah, says, 5:22 "Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine" Isaiah is using sarcasm because the term "heroes" normally refers to "mighty men of war," but in this context it refers to "drinking bouts" and not military exploits. benignity, kindness, usefulness. 22 I will place on his shoulder the key to the house of David; what he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open. The man is vitiated, made worse and worse; his affections, his desires, his conscience, his heart, the whole soul. take away the righteousness—set aside the just claims of those having a righteous cause. A goodly prize surely, a fair commendation. 24 So bad things will happen to them. . He no longer listens to God’s word. There are two kingdoms, two paths, two ways of life. act. 1. Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: To mingle â To drink: the antecedent being put for the consequent: for they mingled it in order to drinking. He is self-sufficient. Whether into their own wide gullets, or into the cup to make others drunk; for preventing whereof Minos, King of Crete, made a law that men should not drink one to another, εις μεθην, to drunkenness. And so instead of trusting in God they trusted in their own wisdom and Judah and Jerusalem were led back into bondage. 1:24-25, contrasts the power and eternality of God with that of His creation (i.e., YHWH as creator in v. 13). The Lord has spoken this word. And so it is of thine, that wilt not leave a forbidden cup for Him! Q. To mingle.] Instead of looking to Yahweh, and seeking a word from Him, they proudly looked to their own wisdom and knowledge, and consequently guided him to disaster. 2. viol--an instrument with twelve strings [JOSEPHUS, Antiquities, 8.10]. Isaiah 25. And our King Edgar made an ordinance for putting pins in cups that none should quaff whole ones, or cause others to do so. Observe, they call sweet bitter; things really so are treated as insipid. Isaiah 30. The Scribes and Pharisees loved the cup and the platter, and to be at feasts, and to have the uppermost seats there, Matthew 23:6 and that those that sat in Moses's chair are intended appears from the following words. Art thou not ashamed of thy hypocrisy, when thou sayest thou lovest God above all, when thou lovest Him not so well as thy wine and ale? He no longer wants God. To mingle, i.e. (a) This was, as one well saith, to glory in his shame; it being rather the commendation of a tun (b) than of a man, for a beast will scarce abide it, to be able to take in and contain much liquor. (Amplified Bible - Lockman) Mighty to drink wine - "They show not," says Kimchi, "their strength in combating their enemies, but in drunkenness and debauchery.". Lond. Canst thou burn at a stake for Him, that canst not leave an alehouse, or vain company, or excess for Him? 1808. mingle strong drink—not with water, but spices to make it intoxicating (Pr 9:2, 5; So 8:2). The encouragement for laboursâstaying curses, bringing down blessings; The necessity of immediate decision; The solemn importance of earnest prayer for the Divine benediction; 7. Amos 5:21-22. 22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: 23 And if you pay them enough money, they will forgive a criminal. The vices flowing therefrom have been much the sameâselfishness, pride, sensualism, oppression, drunkenness. The advantages of absolute temperance; 4. . There isâ, 2. ‘Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight.’. Isa . Mighty - Perhaps those who prided themselves on their ability to drink “much” without becoming intoxicated; who had been so accustomed to it, that they defied its effects, and boasted of their power to resist its usual influence. It was the aggravation of the first sin, that they would not deny so small a thing as the forbidden fruit, in obedience to God! App-14. Isaiah 6:1-8: 2019-10-08 Wounds: Isaiah 53:1-6; John 20:19-20: 2019-08-31 The Bridegroom and the Bride: Isaiah 62:1-5 But probably this was a prevailing sin. The armchair savant becomes the lonely divorcee. Both were bowing to idols and in danger of God’s judgment. Isaiah 7:1-14; 8:9-10: 2019-12-06 A Righteous Man: Genesis 6:5-22: 2019-11-14 Whom Shall I Send? Woe of a distracted mind. For when it comes to living most men are fools. Thy choice showeth what thou lovest best, more certainly than thy tongue doth. "mixing strong drink" There has been … So did Lycurgus at Lacedemon. Man has become the ultimate arbiter, the all-wise one. ObserveâI. Was it to such that Ahaz listened when he turned to Assyria for help, binding and subjecting Judah to Assyria into the future? So, both in name and quality, and in effects, they call "evil good," &c. 1. (Plut.[Plutarch?] … Strong drink - Note, Isaiah 5:11. See the bloated faces, the diseased eyes, the sensual expression, the stupid look, the stupor. The prophet repeats a similar denunciation in Isaiah 56:12. Many a great thinker who has advised others has made shipwreck of his own personal life. A. Isaiah 5:22 = Destruction is coming. The specific phrase here - the Lord, the LORD of hosts - is used more than 15 times in the Old Testament, and often by Isaiah (Isaiah 1:24, 3:1, 3:15, 10:23-24, 10:33, 19:4, 22:5, 22:12, 22:14-15, and 28:22). 1. Now intoxicating drinks are not sweet or palatable to the natural taste; they blister the mouth of children; do burn the delicate nerves of the stomach; the tongue and lips have to be trained, drilled, hardened. A closer look at the relationship between the two passages, Isaiah 11:2 and Galatians 5:22-23, can help us step back and gain a broader perspective of the Holy Spirit’s work in believers. Alcohol acting directly on the brain, the seat of the mind, tends not only to derange, but to enfeeble and pervert, and produces moral obliquity, moral infatuation, and intensified delusion. 24 Therefore, as the [ a]fire devours the stubble, And the flame consumes the chaff, So their root will be as rottenness, And their blossom will ascend like dust; Because they have rejected the law of the Lord of hosts, And despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. 24 All the glory of his family will hang on him: its offspring and offshoots—all its lesser … Isaiah 5:3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and … O miserable wretch! 24 Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Drink. Isaiah 22:13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die. They think they are very intelligent. Not only false names, but. 22. Such were some in Isaiah’s day, and sadly they were often advisers to the king (Isaiah 28:14-15 compare Isaiah 29:14). Put darkness for light; men plead and say these drinksâ. Was it to such that Hezekiah looked when he laid bare to the Babylonians what was in his treasure house? Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine. Isaiah 24:2 "And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his … Isaiah 29. He has said in his heart that “there is no God” (Psalms 14:1). What a sentence of condemnation dost thou pass upon thyself!âBaxter, 1615-1691. He therefore returns to the same reproofs which he had previously noticed; for he again discourses about drunkenness, luxury, covetousness, and other corruptions. 4. People generally mixed wine and water. To get what Isaiah 24:21 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. 1:24). Not content with ordinary wine, they mix spices with it to enhance its flavor and increase its strength.". Right; but is it not sensual, spurious, evanescent, ends in darkness? 1. False qualities (Isa ), "Bitter for sweet." Woe of moral defects. While Christians tend to be familiar with the fruit of the Spirit from Galatians 5:22-23, they are ignorant of the nature of the Spirit from Isaiah 11:2. The horrors associated with strong drink; 2. It is the dish that a man greedily eateth of that he loveth, and not that which he commendeth but will not meddle with. How does God call pagan nations to destroy His wayward Israeli nation? The guiding star eclipsed, the light obscured with darkness. They also strove who could drink most, and the Greeks had a feast for this purpose, (Calmet) which they styled Choas, for the measure which was to be swallowed down. Isaiah 33. "Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink! That are mighty to drink wine; that can drink much without intoxication, in which they gloried, as too many do at this day. mighty = strong men. . The mean man refers to the lower class of society and the great man to the upper class. 4 He will not grow dim or be crushed until he establishes justice in the earth;+ And the islands keep waiting for his law. But they were intellectually great in spite, &c. Look at Milton, Sir Isaac Newton; look at the inspired prophetsâthe seraphic Isaiah, the writer of the text. , which is usual ; for they mingled it in order to drinking is usual ; for they mingled in. The vice of drunkenness, but of Bacchus, and is the great man to Complete! 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