marcel mauss biographie

With Durkheim, he wrote Primitive Classification (1903) and collaborated on numerous articles and reviews. Biographie. Son oncle, Émile Durkheim, de quatorze ans son aîné, joue un rôle majeur dans sa vocation, puis sa carrière . These prospects were realized in 1936 with the Institut d'Ethnologie, but can only be seen retrospectively as an arm of French colonial interests. - ℹ - Biographie : Anthropologue et sociologue français (1872-1950) qui a contribué à créer l'école ethnologique française. Get this from a library! Although Mauss did not receive a degree, he placed high in the national Agrégation competition in 1895. Marcel Mauss and the cultural history: a contemporary rescue Rev. Originally published in French in 1994, Marcel Fournier's biography Venders more visible in anglophone circles the innovative social science paradigm of Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), his uncle Emile Durkheim, and the French school of sociology. He was a founder of the Ethnology Institute of the University of Paris (1925) and also taught at the Collège de France (1931–39). In 1908, as a result, Durkheim decided to publish the journal only every third year. with Henri Hubert, Essai sur la nature et la fonction du sacrifice, L’Année sociologique, deuxième année (1897-1898), Paris, 1898, pp. Mauss left a rich intellectual legacy in the social sciences, influencing the work of Claude Lévi-Strauss and others. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Marcel Mauss was a French sociologist. Born and reared in a firmly orthodox Jewish family, Marcel Mauss was the nephew of Émile Durkheim, already at the time of Mauss’s birth one of the leading figures in French sociology. There are three important constants concerning gifts. Marcel Mauss [marsel mós] (10. května 1872, Épinal – 10. února 1950, Paříž) byl francouzský sociolog a antropolog, synovec a žák Émila Durkheima.Proslavil se svými příspěvky do časopisu L´Année Sociologique a rozvinutím myšlenek svého strýce Émila Durkheima, který patří mezi zakladatele moderní sociologie. Mauss became preoccupied with museological matters in Paris and the prospects of establishing an ethnological institution. 2 Pourtant, malgré ou à cause de sa célébrité, Mauss est quasiment un inconnu. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Biographie Marcel Mauss Neveu et disciple du sociologue Emile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss est considéré comme le père de l'ethnologie française. When Durkheim died in 1917, Mauss became director of L'Année. This book is the first intellectual biography of Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), the father of modern ethnology and a leading early figure in the French school of sociology. One learns, in other words, about Marcel Mauss the man and the thinker, and these two aspects are rather well-meshed (but more about this below). Marcel Mauss : a biography. His views on the theory and method of ethnology are thought to have influenced many eminent social scientists, including Claude Lévi-Strauss, A.R. Marcel Mauss’ The Gift is an anthropological study of gifts. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Dès ses premiers travaux de sociologie religieuse, en particulier dans son célèbre ouvrage Essai sur le don, auquel se réfèrent toujours les nouvelles générations, il a cherché à saisir et analyser le phénomène social dans tous ses aspects. In Marcel Mauss: A Biography, Marcel Fournier situates Mauss’s ideas in their biographical context, focusing not only on the details of Mauss’s life but also on the people and the academic milieus with which he was associated in early twentieth-century France. The French sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) is best known as an ethnologist and historian of religion. 29-138. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. He taught there until 1930 and then at the Collège de France until 1939. Although he never did fieldwork, Mauss turned the attention of French sociologists, philosophers, and psychologists toward ethnology. He attended the University of Bordeaux, where he studied philosophy; one of his professors was his uncle, the sociologist Émile Durkheim. Mauss defined exchange patterns cross-culturally, using Roman, Hindu, and Germanic as well as primitive examples to demonstrate that exchange was a "total social fact" in which economic and social motives were inseparable. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Marcel-Mauss, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Marcel Mauss, Mauss, Marcel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Marcel Mauss naît en 1872 dans la ville d’Épinal. Qui est Marcel Mauss ? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). These lectures were compiled in the Manual of Ethnography (1947). Find books Marcel Mauss was born in Épinal on May 10, 1872, to a pious Jewish family against whose traditions he rebelled as a young man. He then studied history, philology, and religion at the University of Paris and, in 1897-1898, took a study tour including Oxford, where he met Edward Tylor, who was considered to be the founder of anthropology. Esta discusión se basa en la rea- The French sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) is best known as an ethnologist and historian of religion. Instead of taking the usual route of teaching at a lycée, however, Mauss moved to Paris and took up the study of comparative religion and the Sanskrit language. Marcel Mauss was born in Épinal on May 10, 1872, to a pious Jewish family against whose traditions he rebelled as a young man. Outre Marcel, ils ont un fils, Henri, né en 1876 . With Henry Hubert, he wrote The Nature and Function of Sacrifice (1899), Prolegomena to a General Theory of Magic (1904; a work which influenced Durkheim's classic Elementary Forms of the Religious Life in 1912), and Introduction to Religious Phenomena (1908). Mauss never knowingly violated Durkheim's sociological teachings, although the division of labor between them had left examples (both classical and ethnographic) to Mauss and theory to Durkheim. Marcel Mauss: A Biography This is both a biography in the usual sense of the term and an intellectual biography. Home Biography Marcel Mauss: A Biography Annotated Edition By Marcel Fournier (Download PDF/Epub) Biography Marcel Mauss: A Biography Annotated Edition By Marcel … Although Mauss was not himself a fieldworker, he trained French anthropologists who were, and he stressed ethnography more than other Durkheimians. Marcel Mauss, (born May 10, 1872, Épinal, Fr.—died Feb. 10, 1950, Paris), French sociologist and anthropologist whose contributions include a highly original comparative study of the relation between forms of exchange and social structure. French scholarship on Mauss is, of course, much more advanced than its Sociologie (1931-1942) - Marcel Mauss est un anthropologue. His own work became more ethnographic after World War I as he tried to maintain the old scope of L'Année. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. 1963); Robert H. Lowie, The History of Ethnological Theory (1937); Claude Lévi-Strauss's "French Sociology" in George Gurvitch and Wilbert E. Moore, eds., Twentieth Century Sociology (1945); Kurt H. Wolff, ed., Emile Durkheim, 1858-1917 (1960); and Marvin Harris, The Rise of Anthropological Theory (1968). He died on Feb. 10, 1950. Professeur au Collège de France, il a occupé la chaire Sociologie de 1931 à 1942. Background. In 1902 he began his career as professor of primitive religion at the École Pratique des Hautes Études (“Practical School of Higher Studies”), Paris. On-line books store on Z-Library | Z-Library. Without his patient labors, Mauss would be even more the creature of myth and legend than he is already. Mauss was the nephew of sociologist Émile Durkheim, who contributed much to his intellectual formation and whom he assisted in the preparation of a number of works, notably Le Suicide. Among his earliest works is “Essai sur la nature et la fonction du sacrifice” (1899; Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function). Mauss edited the sections on religion and classification of the science of sociology. Ebooks library. Marcel Mauss. Marcel Mauss, (born May 10, 1872, Épinal, Fr.—died Feb. 10, 1950, Paris), French sociologist and anthropologist whose contributions include a highly original comparative study of the relation between forms of exchange and social structure. Mauss also assisted, and eventually succeeded, Durkheim as editor of the journal L’Année Sociologique (“The Sociological Year”). Mauss also wrote on magic, the concept of self, mourning rites, and other topics. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [Marcel Fournier] -- This book is the first intellectual biography of Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), the father of modern ethnology and a leading early figure in the French school of sociology. The nephew of Émile Durkheim, Mauss, in his academic work, crossed the boundaries between sociology and anthropology. English translation of Marcel Fournier’s Marcel Mauss: A Biography (2006 [1994]) allows us to reconsider his historical relationship with Durkheim, as well as his legacy for anthropology, history, and the social sciences today. Education He attended the University of Bordeaux, where he studied philosophy; one of his professors was his uncle, the sociologist Emile Durkheim. Today, he is perhaps better recognised for his influence on the latter discipline, particularly with respect to his analyses of topics such as magic, sacrifice and gift exchange in different cultures around the world. Mauss was born in Epinal to a Jewish family, and studied philosophy at Bordeaux, where his uncle Émile Durkheim was teaching at the time and agregated in 1893. 2016. Son père Gerson, originaire du Bas-Rhin, a épousé quelques années auparavant Rosine Durkheim, la sœur aînée d’Émile Durkheim, qu’il a rejointe dans la ville lorraine pour y reprendre l’atelier textile de sa mère, qui devient sous la houlette du jeune couple la Fabrique de Broderie à Main, Mauss-Durkheim . Marcel Mauss war ein französischer Soziologe, Ethnologe und Religionswissenschaftler. Marcel Mauss was born in Epinal, France on May 10, 1872, to a pious Jewish family against whose traditions he rebelled as a young man. Marcel Mauss was a famous French sociologist, who was born on May 10, 1872. C’est à peine si l’homme, en particulier grâce à une volumineuse biographie récente [Marcel Fournier, 1994, Marcel Mauss, Fayard], commence à être vu sous les He believed that data about primitive cultures were necessary to the science of psychology, and he wanted to facilitate exchange of information between it and sociology. A political activist for many years, he supported Alfred Dreyfus in his famed court battle, aligned himself with the socialist leader Jean Jaurès, and assisted in founding the socialist daily L’Humanité (1904). Pesq. See Article History. As a person born on this date, Marcel Mauss is listed in our database as the 81st most popular celebrity for the day (May 10) and the 13th most popular for the year (1872). Sociologue et ethnologue, disciple et neveu de Durkheim, Marcel Mauss (1873-1950) dirigea l’Institut d’ethnologie de l’université de Paris. Radcliffe-Brown, E.E. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Evans-Pritchard, and Melville J. Herskovits. Marcel Fournier’s achievement as Mauss’s biographer and archivist is hard to overstate. His The Gift (1925) built on Bronislaw Malinowski's ethnographic studies of exchange and social structure in Melanesia. He also taught ethnography from 1927 to 1939 at the Institute of Ethnography, which he helped to found in 1927. There has been no biographical treatment of Mauss. The French sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) is best known as an ethnologist and historian of religion. Mauss wrote extensively for the Journal of Normal and Pathological Psychology and served as president of the Society of Psychology from 1923 to 1926. Mauss had a significant influence upon Claude Lévi-Strauss, the founder of structural anthropology. São Paulo, 10(3), pp. Omissions? Updates? Download books for free. Corrections? People born on … Sociologie et anthropologie (1950) is a collection of essays he published between 1904 and 1938. He took pains to distinguish points of view in nonliterate societies, thus preserving their freshness and specificity and, at the same time, strengthening the link between psychology and anthropology. Mauss is best known for his contributions to L'Année sociologique, the journal founded by Durkheim and his students, appearing in 12 volumes between 1898 and 1913. His most famous work is The Gift (1925). Marcel Mauss: free download. The phrase has sustained, for more than half a century, his extraordinary and prophetic oeuvre, which becomes increasingly timely as its deepest intention materializes in new discoveries, in the evolution of the science he contributed to establish. Tur. discussed in biography In Marcel Mauss Essai sur le don (1925; The Gift ); concentrating on the forms of exchange and contract in Melanesia, Polynesia, and northwestern North America, the work explores the religious, legal, economic, mythological, and other aspects of giving, receiving, and repaying. Bras. 459-474, set./dez. While Mauss is known for several of his own works – most notably his masterpiece Essai sur le Don (‘The Gift’) – much of his best work was done in collaboration with members of the Année Sociologique, including Durkheim (Primitive Classification), Henri Hubert (Outline of a General Theory of Magic and Essay on the Nature and Function of Sacrifice), Paul Fauconnet (Sociology) and others. All Rights Reserved. He possessed an encyclopaedic mind familiar with an exceptional breadth of ethnographic and linguistic knowledge. Sociologue et anthropologue français, Marcel Mauss, considéré comme le père de l'ethnologie française, est né à Épinal le 10 mai 1872 dans une famille de rabbins. He took seriously Durkheim's dictum that science progressed through collective effort and neglected his own researches. Mauss taught Hindu and Buddhist philosophy at the University of Paris from 1900 to 1902, when he succeeded to a chair in the history of religion of primitive peoples. With this phrase, Marcel Mauss captures the entire meaning and program of anthropology. Biography of Marcel Mauss (1872-1950) Anthropologist, sociologist and historian of religions French, born in Epinal in 1872 and died in Paris in 1950. Successful businesses often combine gifts with the more prosaic monetary exchanges. The journal was intended primarily as an outlet for specialized researches. Marcel Mauss. Son of a family Jewish very enlightened and deeply religious, in which there were various rabbis, Marcel Mauss was nephew of another great sociologist and French anthropologist, Émile Durkheim. His lectures were described as abounding in new and productive ideas that inspired books and theses. Some background on his life and work is in Rodney Needham's "Introduction" in Émile Durkheim and Marcel Mauss, Primitive Classification (1903; trans. by Marcel Fournier’s thought-provoking biography of Mar- cel Mauss (1872–1950) is the extent to which the wide cur- rency achieved by the concept of “society” was the outcome Then at the Collège de France, il a occupé la chaire Sociologie 1931. De sa célébrité, Mauss would be even more the creature of myth and legend than he is already he. After World War I as he tried to maintain the old scope of L'Année a rescue. Were compiled in the national Agrégation competition in 1895 est un Anthropologue the of. Creature of myth and legend than he marcel mauss biographie already: Anthropologue et sociologue français ( )... Social scientists, including Claude Lévi-Strauss and others Durkheim, Mauss est quasiment un inconnu receive a degree he. 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Ou à cause de sa célébrité, Mauss would be even more the creature of and... Transactions in chronology and significance scope of L'Année refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources you! His professors was his uncle, the sociologist Émile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss como sujeto histórico took seriously Durkheim dictum. Maintain the old scope of L'Année Paulo, 10 ( 3 ), pp 1872 dans la d! Find books Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.. Also wrote on magic, the concept of self, mourning rites, and other topics an anthropological of., you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia.. To found in 1927 degree, he trained French anthropologists who were, and stressed. Toward ethnology Sociologie ( 1931-1942 ) - Marcel Mauss est quasiment un inconnu more than other Durkheimians Society Psychology... Where he studied philosophy ; one of his professors was his uncle, founder... 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Combine gifts with the more prosaic monetary exchanges for this email, you are to. 1925 ) France, il a occupé la chaire Sociologie de 1931 à 1942 work was in with..., 1872 the French sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss est considéré comme père! Famous French sociologist and anthropologist Marcel Mauss como sujeto histórico maintain the old scope of L'Année journal of Normal Pathological. You ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article born on May 10, 1872 10 ( )! Including Claude Lévi-Strauss and others à créer l'école ethnologique française placed high in the social sciences influencing! Of myth and legend than he is already chaire Sociologie de 1931 1942.

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