keith robinson niihau

Of the 140,000 total votes cast, only 8,000 opposed statehood. Although Hawaii consists of well over 100 islands, only eight are considered main islands. [2] Robinson makes his home on Kauaʻi, but visits Niʻihau at least once per week on average. In most environmental groups or botanical gardens, the work is highly compartmentalized. The 2011 report lists Aylmer Robinson as the owner of Niihau, although he left it to his brother's family when he died in 1967, and nephews Bruce … After WWII, a territorial legislature and then a US Senate committee visited Niihau. There are also strictly enforced rules for those who live on Niihau - residents can't partake in illicit substances or alcohol, and they have to follow certain codes with regard to appearance. Keith Robinson is an American environmentalist who is the co-owner of Niʻihau, the second-smallest of the eight principal Hawaiian Islands. The helicopter is mostly for emergencies and to transport residents to nearby islands if need be. She opposed the American takeover and preserved Hawaiian language and culture on the island. The Robinsons also installed a phone line that reached Makaweli, which - in addition to carrier pigeons and signal flares - they use to contact the outside world. One is Niihau, which is privately owned and has a history wildly different from Hawaii as a whole. For the time being, US Navy is your source of income that keeps all of you going here and which keeps us going and allows us to pay the taxes on this place. Web. Niʻihau or Niihau ( /ˈniːhaʊ/; Hawaiian: ) is the seventh largest of the inhabited Hawaiian Islands in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi, having an area of 69.5 square miles (180 km2). Encompassing more than 840 acres of land, Lake Halalii is … A rare special visit to Niihau Island by Alan Lloyd as a guest of the Robinson Owner. When annexing Hawaii into the US came up for a vote in 1959, a referendum showed 93% of Hawaiians supported the proposition. The Robinson Family, which owns the island of Niihau, has strict rules and requires everyone who lives on the island to do the same. Other estimates approximate 35 to 50 people on the island, however. In 1864, Elizabeth Sinclair-Robinson, born in Scotland and a plantation owner in New Zealand, purchased the island of Ni‘ihau from King Kamehameha V and the Kingdom of Hawaii for $10,000.With this exchange, she promised to preserve the “kahiki” or native Hawaiian culture. The Robinsons have tried making honey and charcoal, but neither proved lucrative. The Western culture has lost it and the rest of the islands have lost it. Robinson was born c. 1941 to Lester Beauclerk Robinson (1901–1969) and Helen Matthew Robinson (1910–2002). He told them the news of Pearl Harbor, and they kept it a secret from their fellow islanders. There’s no airport, no cars, no electricity, no running water, no hotels, not even a traffic light. American environmentalist who is the co-owner of Niʻihau, Hawaiian island. Niihau Island, now owned by her sons Keith and Bruce, has about 200 residents. Sinclair’s grandson, Aubrey Robinson, closed Niihau to visitors in 1915, and his grandsons, Keith and Bruce Robinson, the current co-owners, have shielded the remaining 170 native inhabitants from the encroachment of modern technology and conveniences. The family that owns the land reserves the right to evict people, regulating who is allowed to visit. Famous quotes containing the words family and/or tree: “ Nothing strengthens the judgment and quickens the conscience like individual responsibility. Several bird species thrive on Ni ʻ ihau. It was on this compound that her great-grandson, Lester Robinson, grew up. According to the 2010 US census, the total population of Niihau is 170 people. This huge reforestation project increased rainfall and native plants and bird species have thrived and inland lakes developed. "Niihau:Other Views". People who break the strict rules of the island are kicked off by the owners or priests. Of course, 90% of Hawaii's population was American citizens by that point. It's possible to visit the island for $440 by helicopter. Robinson's family purchased the island paradise for $10,000 in gold in 1864. Niihau’s shores provided safe havens for the endangered Hawaiian monk seal. The current owners are two brothers, Bruce and Keith Robinson. In 1864, Eliza Hutchinson, widow of Scottish sea captain Francis Sinclair, paid King Kamehameha IV $10,000 in gold to buy the island of Niihau. Photograph taken by Francis Sinclair, son of Elizabeth McHutchison Sinclair. Aylmer robinsonii, a Pritchardia palm tree named for Keith Robinson's uncle Aylmer Robinson, is an endangered species native to Ni ʻ ihau. I've done all phases of it myself; scouting, seed collecting, seed germination, planting, transplanting, watering, growing, fencing, fertilizing, and insecticide spraying. Robinson Family may sell Niihau, Leave Hawaii Tax bills mean the family cannot continue to subsidize the native Hawaiian population on Niihau by Trish Moore 17 April 1998 in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin LIHUE -- Helen Robinson and her sons Bruce and Keith are "seriously considering" divesting themselves of more than 45,000 acres of land in Kauai County -- including Niihau -- and starting over … That year members of the Sinclair-Robinson-Gay clan arrived in Honolulu from New Zealand and began looking for land to purchase for ranching. Common modes of transportation are bicycles and horses. Post-war, Niihau modernized minimally. [4], Robinson has repeatedly expressed his desire to keep Niʻihau privately owned so as to preserve the environment and traditions of its 150 to 200 native Hawaiian inhabitants, and has occasionally taken large financial losses to do so. The island is home to a US Navy radar facility. In January 1893, a group of businessmen and sugar plantation owners made Hawaiian Queen Lili'uokalani step down from the throne. he barks over his shoulder at his companions as they struggle along the trail behind him on this humid afternoon. Following the air raid on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Japanese pilot Shigenori Nishikaichi was escorting another aircraft to carry out a strike on nearby US Army airbase Bellows Field, but an American aircraft struck his plane. Going to the island is easier today than it was in the past; for a little over $400, you can fly above the island in a helicopter and touch down on one of its well-preserved beaches. He crash landed on Niihau; the island had yet to receive news of the air raid and Japan's declaration of joining WWII. Benehakaka received the Medal for Merit and a Purple Heart, and Kaleohano was awarded a Medal of Freedom and a sum of money to repair his property affected by the crash. Jan 8, 2017 - Explore Julie Owen's board "Niihau-Hawaii" on Pinterest. Island co-owner Keith Robinson, a noted conservationist, preserved and documented many of Niʻihau's natural plant resources. Keith Robinson's family owns Niihau and he is also manager of the Kauai Wildlife Reserve. When the island's leaders refused to change their ways, the Senate committee took issue. The committee viewed the island residents as subservient to the Robinsons. Benehakaka threw Nishikaichi against a wall, then cut his neck while Ella fatally beat the pilot with a rock. Wild turkey, pigs, and fish are plentiful on Niihau, and residents often catch their own food. If there are any problems on the island they go to the ‘Elders for help resolving it’ and if they can’t resolve it, they hand it over to Keith and Bruce Robinson, the eldest Robinson’s. After college, he served in the US Army before returning to Hawaii, where he initially worked at the Koolau Ranch on Kauaʻi seven years and then operated a commercial fishing vessel on Kauaʻi for another seven years. Comprising part of Kauai County, Ni’ihau has remained largely untouched since its earliest days of occupation. He called over Yoshio and Irene Harada to speak to the pilot in Japanese. It’s Home To The Largest Lake In Hawaii. In fact, there are not even any cars. Now owned by Sinclair’s great-grandsons, Bruce and Keith Robinson, the family that purchased it ardently believes that they’re fulfilling the monarchy’s wish by barring outsiders. They don't know what specific problems there are at various stages where you're trying to produce the plants. Polynesian native Hawila Kaleohano confiscated the pilot's papers with important codes and military plans. "The Robinson family and native Hawaiians are turning to the military and tourism for income". A newer rule requires men to cut their hair and shave if they want to live on the island. 100% (1/1) Shigenori Nishikaichi The Niihau Incident crash landed. For Bruce Robinson -- who's married to a Niihauan woman -- maintaining Niihau's unique culture and way of life is a priority. It was then that Niihau became known as the "Forbidden Island.". Currently, the island is managed by the brothers Keith and Bruce Robinson. We ran into Keith Robinson, a true descendant, by chance at the Niihau Helicopters office in Kaumakani, Kauai, before our scheduled flight. To this day, Niihau is one of the few places where Hawaiian remains a commonly spoken language. Keith Robinson is an American environmentalist who is the co-owner of Niʻihau, the second-smallest of the eight principal Hawaiian Islands. Robinson and his brother Bruce own[verification needed] the approximately 70-square-mile (180 km2) island of Niʻihau in the Hawaiian island chain, which has been in the private possession of their family since their great-great-grandmother Elizabeth McHutchinson Sinclair (1800–1892) purchased it from King Kamehameha V for US$10,000 in gold. Niihau is known as the "Forbidden Island," and access is highly restricted. Directed by Stephen Gee. ^ a b Keith Robinson (July 26, 1997). Though some residents receive some public assistance, the family offers everyone free food and housing, which also means they have the right to take it away. Besides a working solar panel, electricity is limited. 1941) Bruce Robinson: Read more about this topic: Niihau. Though this effort was retroactive as 11 Niihauan children had already died from such diseases. Robinson has been credited for keeping numerous Hawaiian plants from becoming extinct,[3] including Cyanea pinnatifida, which is considered extinct in the wild. In 2005 a documentary on him was released titled Robinson Crusader. I've spent eighteen years and more than $250,000 doing this work, and I estimate it would cost the government or environmental groups $10–20 million to create a comparable reserve. Some homes installed gas-powered refrigerators, and a number of residents got radios. Guns are also not allowed on the island. name = Keith Robinson caption = birthname = nickname = dateofbirth = birthyear = birthmonth = birthday = placeofbirth = dateofdeath = placeofdeath = height = height|m=1.78 weight = convert|75|kg|lb|abbr=on|lk=on religion = The Robinsons say their strict rules are in place to protect the island from modernity, just as their ancestor Eliza Hutchinson promised King Kamehameha IV when she purchased the island in 1964. Former resident Pulani Kahokuloa, who left when his father passed, could return to Niihau if it weren't for his long hair. "Hey, you, hurry up!" Kaleohano fled and hid the papers at his mother-in-law's house. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Paying taxes and rent is hard even for people who didn't grow up on Niihau, but it's especially challenging with no previous exposure to the modern world. If there are any problems on the island they go to the ‘Elders for help resolving it’ and if they can’t resolve it, they hand it over to Keith and Bruce Robinson, the eldest Robinson’s. It's just that simple. For some residents, life off of the island proves difficult. He is also the manager of a private botanical garden on the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi. Keith Robinson is in the fight of his life. The first is a battle to protect the privacy of his remote Hawaiian island of Ni'ihau, known to locals as the Forbidden Island. The Robinsons, who own Niihau, began limiting visitation in the 1930s after a measles outbreak took the lives of 11 children. The island is designated as a critical habitat for the ʻōlulu, an endemic and endangered species of Hawaiian lobelioid. During an altercation, Nishikaichi shot Benehakaka, which enraged the captor. Visit Ranker.com for similar lists and rankings. A number of Hawaiian leaders supported the Robinsons, however, and the government never fully succeeded in forcing the island to modernize. [2] After 135 years of operation, the ranch on the island shut down in 1999, rendering all its inhabitants unemployed. You get your plant scouts, your seed collectors, your nurserymen, and people on the grounds. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. He would go on to own Niihau with his wife. It remains home for 200 native Hawaiians who are largely cut off from the outside world. They abstain from all controlled substances and alcohol, and church attendance is encouraged, but not mandatory. [1], Robinson expressed concerns about his family's ability to continue to maintain their ownership of Niʻihau, due to pressure from the federal and state governments and environmental groups. Niihau makes its money today through military contracts. The police force is nonexistent; a local priest solves any conflicts. Yoshi and Nishikaichi set fire to Kaleohano's home and took several townspeople hostage, including Benehakaka and Ella Kanahele. He attended the University of California Davis, graduating with a degree in agronomy and ranch management. “Robinson Family may sell Niihau, Leave Hawaii.” Honolulu Star-Bulletin 17 April 1998: N/A. The Robinson family is the sole provider for residents of Niihau. When that day comes, please do what you can to help them. "The Robinson family and native Hawaiians are turning to the military and tourism for income", "Hawaii Plantsman Confounds Greenies; Keith Robinson has a green thumb with endangered plants and a belief that the 'green' tactics used by the environmental establishment are a total waste of time", "Hawaii's rare breeds: after decades of solitary effort to save Hawaii's rarest plants, one man halts his efforts in response to government-environmentalist attacks private property rights", https://teara.govt.nz/en/biographies/1s13/sinclair-elizabeth, http://www.thegardenisland.com/2016/01/24/lifestyles/niihau-manager-francis-sinclair/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Keith_Robinson_(environmentalist)&oldid=984961188, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 03:44. Sold with the Promise to Preserve In 1864 Niihau Island was sold to the Sinclair family by King Kamehameha V for $10,000 in gold. Authorities imprisoned Irene for three years in Honolulu. There are no paved roads, and the houses are rudimentary - they're one story with tin roofs and large yards. Allegedly he required the Sinclairs to promised they would preserve the unique way of life on Niihau and the native Hawaiian language. Preserving the Culture. But there are no stores, and residents of the island don't use money. Niihau, Hawaiian Ni‘ihau, volcanic island, Kauai county, Hawaii, U.S. Niihau lies 17 miles (27 km) southwest of Kauai island. Keith Robinson is proud of the military contracts because they've kept the island and its inhabitants afloat without having to open the island to Hawaii's tourism industry: Without that money, frankly, your community, your jobs would not have survived. Hutchinson also bought a piece of land in the Makaweli District of Kauai, where she built a family compound. Taxes on the island have taken much of the profits from the Robinsons' interests in agricultural companies. Helen Matthew Robinson, Lester’s wife, inherited 87 ½ percent interest in Niihau when Lester died in 1969. Archived from the original on July 8, … The provisional government banned all native Hawaiian languages. Keith Robinson recalls the scene from Niihau lore—how the Kiawe trees shuddered as the pilot sprayed them with the Zero’s 7.7-mm machine guns; the islanders fleeing into the jungle, lighting bonfires and shining flashlights to signal the neighboring islands. In 1997, Robinson estimated that between $8–9 million was spent to keep people employed, not counting the free housing and free meat provided to the 150–200 Niʻihau islanders. Yoshi attempted to help Nishikaichi retrieve the papers Kaleohano had taken from him upon his landing. Though some residents receive some public assistance, the family offers everyone free … Helen Robinson was the last family member of her generation. Niihau incident. The Robinsons also run safaris, where visitors can hunt wild boar. On Niihau, he told lawmakers in 2013, there's " a feeling of inner peace and renewal that we don't understand in the outside world. The Robinsons order food from nearby Kauai to supplement hunting and fishing. Niihau Keith Robinson (environmentalist) Isabella McHutcheson Sinclair New Zealand Hawaii. [5] Keith Robinson has compared his plight on Niʻihau to Ruby Ridge and the Waco Siege, threatening to defend his island with force if necessary. During World War II, the island was the site of the Niihau Incident: A Japanese navy fighter pilot crashed on the island and terrorized its residents for a week after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Eliza Hutchinson and her family remained close with royals after her purchase of Niihau from King Kamehameha IV in 1864. Connect with friends faster than ever with the new Facebook app. Niihau additionally hosts Navy exercises. Their sons, Keith and Bruce Robinson, inherited the … Students learn some English in school, but its use is otherwise limited. Tourists can ride in the helicopter for a small fee. On Niihau, the primary language is Hawaiian. Outside those hearings, the Robinsons don't say much about Niihau. Niihau was the only island that voted against the measure. Yoshi also perished in the fight after accidentally shooting himself in the gut. Niʻihau lies 17.5 miles (15.2 nmi; 28.2 km) southwest of Kauaʻi across the Kaulakahi Channel. The Robinson’s (the defendants of the Sinclair family) insist that they are simply protecting the occupants against the vices of the modern world, just like they promised the king. He said there are five families, or about 25 people on the island. [1] Retrieved October 25, 2010. But the day may come when Hawaiians are not as strong in Hawaii as they are now. 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